Cleopatra is one of the most famous Egyptian Pharaoh’s in history. She is considered to be the last ruler of ancient Egypt. She was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 69 B.C. (which is where she appears on the Bible Timeline Chart with World History.) She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. The Ptolemy Dynasty was founded in Egypt by one of Alexander the Greats generals over three centuries earlier. Before she ruled Egypt as a sole monarch she was a co-regent with her father and two brothers. As a matter of fact Cleopatra had to marry her brothers in order to maintain her status as queen. Cleopatra used the aid of the Roman rulers to gain complete control of Egypt and she did this by having an affair with Julius Caesar and then with Mark Antony.

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Cleopatra Gains PowerDuring his reign, Ptolemy XII went to Rome with Cleopatra in order to get assistance with keeping his empire intact. When he left a female usurper tried to take the throne but was quickly disposed of by Ptolemy XII once he returned with Roman help. After this event, Cleopatra became a co-ruler of Egypt with her father Ptolemy XII. She was 14 at the time. Eventually, Ptolemy XII had died and his 10 year old son Ptolemy XIII was married to Cleopatra. She didn’t want to share power with him. She quickly eliminated his image and name from official documents and usurped his authority. She tried to consolidate power all throughout the kingdom but she started to make enemies.


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