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House that Plantagenet
House of Plantagenet.
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During her childbearing years, she participated actively in the management of the realm and even more actively in the management of her very own domains. She was important in turning the court of Poitiers, climate frequented by the most famous troubadours that the time, into a center of poetry and a model of courtly life and manners. She was the an excellent patron that the two dominant poetic activities of the time: the courtly love tradition, conveyed in the romantic songs of the troubadours, and also the historical matière de Bretagne, or “legends that Brittany,” which source in Celtic traditions and also in the Historia regum Britanniae, written by the chronicler Geoffrey that Monmouth sometime in between 1135 and also 1138.
The rebellion of she sons against her husband in 1173 put her cultural activities come a brutal end. Because Eleanor, 11 years she husband’s senior, had actually long resented his infidelities, the revolt may have been instigated through her; in any case, she provided her sons substantial military support. The rebellion failed, and also Eleanor was caught while search refuge in the kingdom the her an initial husband, luigi VII. She semi-imprisonment in England finished only through the fatality of Henry II in 1189. On her release, Eleanor play a greater political role than ever before. She actively prepared for Richard’s coronation together king, to be administrator that the realm during his Crusade to the divine Land, and, ~ his record by the fight it out of Austria ~ above Richard’s return native the east, built up his ransom and went in human to escort him to England. Throughout Richard’s absence, she thrived in keeping his kingdom intact and in thwarting the intrigues the his brother man Lackland and also Philip II Augustus, king that France, against him.
Coronation that Louis VIII and Blanche that Castile, manuscript illumination by one unknown artist, 15th century; in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.
Death and also legacy
She passed away in 1204 at the monastery in ~ Fontevrault, Anjou, wherein she had retired ~ the project at Mirebeau. Her donation to England extended past her own lifetime; after ~ the lose of Normandy (1204), that was she own genealogical lands and also not the old Norman regions that continued to be loyal to England. She has actually been misjudged by numerous French historians who have noted only she youthful frivolity, ignoring the tenacity, political wisdom, and also energy that characterized the year of her maturity. “She to be beautiful and just, imposing and modest, humble and elegant”; and, as the nuns that Fontevrault composed in your necrology, a queen “who surpassed almost all the queens of the world.”
Eleanor the Aquitaine lies between her child Richard I and her second husband, Henry II, both queens of England; dig effigies in ~ the abbey in Fontevrault-l"Abbaye, France.
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A scene from the film The Lion in Winter (1968): (left to right) Anthony Hopkins as Richard ns (the Lionheart), Timothy Dalton as Philip II, Katharine Hepburn as Eleanor the Aquitaine, and Peter O"Toole together Henry II (lower right).