More information around Guatemala is accessible on the Guatemala Page and from various other Department the medtox.org publications and other sources provided at the end of this reality sheet.
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The unified medtox.orgs developed diplomatic relations with Guatemala in 1849 complying with Guatemala’s freedom from Spain ~ above September 15, 1821 and the later dissolution of a federation of main American medtox.orgs.
U.S. Policy objectives in Guatemala include:Protecting U.S. Citizens and the Homeland, dismantling transnational criminal organizations and gangs, and also increasing citizen defense in Guatemala.Engaging Guatemalan federal government institutions come fight corruption; boost openness and transparency; assistance the dominion of law, person rights, and also civil society; and strengthen the efficiency of government institutions to boost Guatemalan trust in government agencies.Addressing root reasons of rarely often, rarely migration, creating hope because that Guatemalans at home by boosting broad-based economic opportunity, enhancing equal access to basic services, and also engaging the government and the exclusive sector to increase investment in communities and reduce poverty.Combatting transnational criminal organizations and reducing violence, consisting of sexual and also gender-based violence, to rise citizen security in Guatemala and also the region.Improving economic security and also equality because that Guatemalans and also export and also investment methods for U.S. Firms.
Corruption, inequality, and high level of violence and insecurity in Guatemala contribute to high levels of poverty, elevated crime rates, and also some of the lowest social breakthrough indicators in Latin America. Forty-three percent of Guatemala’s population identifies as indigenous, and also indigenous groups and also individuals still endure the historic and continued impacts of institutionalized society exclusion. In addition, Guatemala has actually the youngest populace in Latin America (median period of 22). Almost fifty percent of the populace is under age 19 and, as a team in its huge majority, has actually struggled to acquire sufficient education, training, and job opportunities.
This context has actually been steering irregular migration come the unified medtox.orgs. Many migrants room young and indigenous civilization seeking a stable income. Guatemalans report absence of economic opportunity as the main driver behind their intention come migrate, with insecurity and family separation as second reasons.
Guatemala faces formidable challenges: weak governance, endemic corruption, pervasive poverty, food insecurity, major violence, citizens insecurity, shrinking space for polite society, absence of respect for human being rights, inequitable accessibility to financial opportunities and also social services, and the deadly COVID-19 pandemic. These difficulties drive rarely often rare migration and also forced displacement and also contribute to the growth of transnational criminal institutions (TCOs).
U.S. Migration policy Towards Guatemala and also the Region
The U.S. Strategy to attend to the Root causes of Migration and also the U.S. Cooperation Migration monitoring Strategy room the principal frameworks guiding U.S. Diplomatic efforts and also foreign aid in Guatemala and across central America. These strategies assistance Guatemala in addressing the obstacles the country faces together both a resource of northward migration and transit country for migrants native the an ar and the world.
The Root causes Strategy concentrates on a coordinated, place-based technique to improve the underlying reasons that push central Americans, including numerous Guatemalans, come migrate. This strategy lays the end a structure to use the policy, resources, and also diplomacy of the united medtox.orgs, and also to leverage the expertise and resources of a broad group of public and private stakeholders, to construct hope for citizens in Guatemala that the life they desire have the right to be discovered at home. The strategy is organized under 5 pillars:Pillar I: Addressing economic insecurity and inequality;Pillar II: Combating corruption, strengthening democratic governance, and also advancing the dominion of law;Pillar III: cultivating respect for human rights, job rights, and a cost-free press;Pillar IV: Countering and also preventing violence, extortion, and other crime perpetrated by criminal gangs, smuggling networks, and other organized criminal organizations; andPillar V: Combating sexual, gender-based, and also domestic violence.
The cooperation Migration monitoring Strategy (CMMS) works in addition to the Root causes Strategy and is the an initial U.S. Whole-of-government effort focused on reducing irregular migration come the U.S. Border by fostering safe, orderly, and humane migration; improving accessibility to protection for those fleeing persecution and also torture; and also strengthening migrate cooperation and responsibility share throughout phibìc and main America. The CMMS aims to improve international protection and also protection within Guatemala, promote momentary labor programs, combine lawful pathways because that those who pick to move or space forcibly displaced from their houses in north and central America, foster humane border management practices, and reduce rarely often rare migration.
The CMMS includes eight distinctive lines of activity to strengthen collaborative migrate management throughout North and central America, including Guatemala:Stabilize populations with acute needs;Expand access to global protection;Expand accessibility to security in countries of origin;Expand third country labor migration programs v worker protections;Assist and also reintegrate went back persons;Foster secure and also humane monitoring of borders;Strengthen regional public messaging on migration; andExpand accessibility to lawful pathways because that protection and opportunity in the united medtox.orgs.
U.S. Aid to Guatemala
The U.S. Federal government works in partnership v the government of Guatemala, the exclusive sector, polite society, international partners, and communities to create and connect Guatemalans to opportunities that allow them to attain prosperous, secure, and dignified stays at home. This occupational spans multiple U.S. Federal government agencies and promotes citizens security and justice, anti-corruption and also governance, human being rights and also labor rights, economic growth, health and nutrition, education, food security and also humanitarian assistance, agriculture, and the environment.
The U.S. Government additionally continues to it is in the primary international partner sustaining the set of windy Health and also Social aid in developing and implementing Guatemala’s national COVID-19 vaccine deployment plan. In enhancement to the donation that 4.5 million COVID vaccines, the U.S. Government has provided $63.2 million in COVID supplemental resources, including funding for ventilators, oxygen concentrators, and other supplies, as well as clinical training to treat COVID-19.
Bilateral, regional, and humanitarian assistance through the department of medtox.org and USAID averaged $228.6 million per year (FY 2019-2020). Additionally, in FY 2021, USAID listed $16.1 million in global disaster help for emergency food and also relief and recovery efforts in an answer to the Eta and also Iota storms the November 2020 that affected over 2.4 million Guatemalans. In FY 2021, the Department and also USAID detailed an added $72.5 million in humanitarian assistance to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, improve livelihoods, and support immediate humanitarian and protection requirements of refugees, asylum seekers, and also other vulnerable populations.
Bilateral financial Relations
The pandemic hit Guatemala in ~ a time of macroeconomic stability and also firming growth. With swift fiscal stimulus and government support to vulnerable populations, real GDP contract by 1.5 percent in 2020 and also the country is on track because that 4.5 percent projected development in 2021, in line v the local average. The United says is Guatemala’s largest trading partner, and total (two-way) items trade in between the two nations was $9.7 billion during 2020. U.S. Items exports to Guatemala in 2020 totaled $5.8 billion, while products imports totaled $3.8 billion, make the U.S. Products trade excess with Guatemala just under $2 billion in 2020. The two nations are next to the central America-Dominican Republic free Trade commitment (CAFTA-DR), i m sorry Guatemala validated in 2006. CAFTA-DR has helped with trade and investment as well as further local integration by eliminating tariffs, opening markets, reducing obstacles to services, and promoting transparency. CAFTA-DR consists of a thing on investment similar to a bilateral invest treaty v the joined medtox.orgs. U.S. Exports come Guatemala incorporate oil, agricultural products, posts donated because that relief and also low-value shipments, and also machinery. U.S. Imports native Guatemala include farming products, apparel, gold, and also silver.
Guatemala’s member in worldwide Organizations
Guatemala and the United claims belong to a number of the same global organizations, consisting of the joined Nations, organization of American medtox.orgs, global Monetary Fund, people Bank, and World trade Organization.
Principal U.S. Embassy officials are noted in the Department’s an essential Officers List.
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Guatemala maintains one embassy in the United claims at 2220 R Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20008 (tel. 202-745-4952) and 25 consulates in cities throughout the joined medtox.orgs.
More information around Guatemala is available from the department of medtox.org and also other sources, some of which are provided here:
CIA civilization Factbook Guatemala Page U.S. EmbassyUSAID Guatemala Page History of U.S. Connections With GuatemalaHuman civil liberties ReportsInternational spiritual Freedom ReportsTrafficking in people ReportsNarcotics regulate ReportsInvestment Climate medtox.orgmentsOffice the the U.S. Trade Representative countries Page U.S. Census Bureau international Trade Statistics Export.gov global Offices Page Millennium challenge Corporation: Guatemala Travel Information