Why was victory in the Persian wars so important for Athens?
In 431 B.C., the Peloponnesian War began, which ended in 404 B.C. with Sparta’s victory. By means of victories in the Persian wars, the Athenian people had discovered what they could do. This experience was important for the rise of democracy. <Athenian democracy was based on two ideas: exclusivity and inequality.
How did winning the Persian wars affect Athens?
After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful buildings whose ruins we can still see today.
How did Athens benefit from the victory at Salamis?
How did Athens benefit from victory in the Persian Wars? Athenians had a lifestyle in which they focused on their culture, including art and writing, while the Spartan lifestyle focused around combat and war. Why were the Spartan soldiers willing to sacrifice themselves at Thermopylae?
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What did Athens do in the Persian War?
Battle of Marathon
The Persian fleet landed at the Bay of Marathon, about 25 miles from the city of Athens. The Persians had a lot more soldiers, but they underestimated the fighting capability of the Greeks. The army of Athens routed the Persian army killing around 6,000 Persians and only losing 192 Greeks.
Did Athens fall to Persian?
Athens thus fell to the Persians; the small number of Athenians who had barricaded themselves on the Acropolis were eventually defeated, and Xerxes then ordered the destruction of Athens.
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What was a major result of the Persian wars?
The result was that Athens won the Persian wars and that they stopped Persia from conquering Europe. The first king was King Darius of the Persian Empire. Then, when he died his son Xerxes took power and became King Xerxes.
What if Persia won the Persian War?
If Persia had won the Persians wars. Athens would have been burned to the ground and it would have never been rebuild. The ideas and the athletic spirit inspired by the Olympic games would have perished since the Marathon runner would have died in the combat with the Persians.
Did Sparta fight Athens?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. This eventually drew Sparta into the conflict.
Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece?
Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece? Persia had fewer soldiers than Greece to fight its battles. Persia’s leadership did not match the well-trained Greeks‘ leadership. Athens and Sparta were unbeatable when the two were united.
What were the two most powerful city states in early Greece?
Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city–states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.
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Why is it better to live in Athens than Sparta?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in.
Why did city states resent Athens powers?
Athens became so powerful from its alliance with city states on the island Dellos. Other Greek city states resented Athens power because Athens was a democratic government.
What were the causes and effects of the Persian wars?
The Persian wars against Greece were caused because the Darius, the Persian king, wanted to expand their empire. The wars with the Persians affected ancient Greece greatly. The Athens were destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenians built the beautiful buildings that are important cultural aspects today.
Why did Athens and Sparta hate each other?
Sparta and Athens were foes for a long time. The main cause of the Pelopennesian war was the longlasting rivalry between the two city states. Both of them wished to rule the Greek land. But the event that sparked this great war was the fact that Athens became interested in trading with the Italian cities.
What caused the second Persian War?
The invasion was a direct, if delayed, response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece (492–490 BC) at the Battle of Marathon, which ended Darius I’s attempts to subjugate Greece.