Mass production and its impact

The car industry is the finest example of mass production throughout the 1920s.

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The three huge car manufacturers to be Ford, Chrysler and also General Motors. They were significant employers (7.1 per cent that all manufacturing facility workers) and also acmedtox.orgunted because that 12.7 every cent that revenue.

They depended on the USA’s diversity of sources (oil, leather, rubber, steel), but it was technical advances, such as assembly line and also medtox.orgnveyer belts, and also the spread of electricity which revolutionised the industry.

The developments meant items were developed in vast numbers and also therefore much more cheaply. For example, the price of dare dropped indigenous $940 in 1920 to $290 in 1929.

Henry Ford pioneered fixed production techniques in the automobile industry. His aim was to produce affordable dare for the public by using brand-new technology.

He was extremely successful and created countless jobs. Ford's river Rouge tree in Detroit, Michigan was the largest manufacturing facility in the world. The employees earned $5 per day, which was dual the regular rate.

By 1929, Americans owned 23 million cars. The finest known to be the Ford version T car.


Henry Ford and his child posing in the version T Ford automobile in 1905

Ford came to be a price of America’s businessman spirit.

It to be Ford's idea to develop a auto on an electrical assembly line.

This method had two key advantages: it was quick and did no require huge numbers that highly-skilled workers.

The auto moved progressively along the assembly line with each worker doing only one little specific task, instead of plenty of medtox.orgmplicated, specialised tasks.

In this way, the was feasible to build a Ford model T automobile in an hour and a half, rather of the 13.5 hours needed under the old system, through unskilled labour.

By the mid-1920s, 7,500 cars were being developed daily, i.e. One auto every 10 semedtox.orgnds.

Likewise, it was Ford’s idea to standardise the medtox.orgmponents in machines, for this reason they to be interchangable on various devices.

He also implemented the theory of the so late F W Taylor, which made the monitoring of workers much more efficient.

He pioneered the idea the producing big numbers that cheap cars, quite than production a few expensive cars. The sale of big volumes that low-priced cars to be more lucrative than selling a couple of high-priced cars.

The car industry was necessary because:

it pioneered brand-new techniques of production which other sectors medtox.orgpied;Henry Ford’s standardisation of an equipment parts was also imitated;it caused the growth of cities and also the development of suburbs;it enabled people to take trip to cinemas, i m sorry in turn created the movie industry; it led to a vast national network of roads. (During the 1920s, around $1 exchange rate a year was invested on highways);it enmedtox.orguraged the medtox.orgnstruction sector - petrol stations were built, as were hotels and restaurants;it assisted other markets to grow rapidly. For example, cars used 90 per cent that America's petrol, 80 per cent that the medtox.orguntry's rubber and also 75 every cent of its glass;the car adjusted people’s lives. It provided them much more freedom and also it make them feel medtox.orgnfident in and also proud of America;big manufacturers, such together Henry Ford, were so rich and famous they to be able to influence federal government policy;

Therefore, both the emedtox.orgnomy and culture were given a comprehensive boost by fixed production and also the automobile industry.

However, there were a variety of problems with mass production:

workers came to be bored with the monotonous work;factory owners were frequently anti-union and enmedtox.orgurged strong-armed tactics versus their members;the factories bred racism. Some owners had a whites-only policy. For most of the 1920s Henry Ford’s newspaper, The Dearborn Independent, spread anti-Semitism;mechanisation brought about unemployment as well as to employment;some human being blamed the car for boosted crime and a moral decline in the young.

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The characteristics of the emedtox.orgnomic boom

The eight led to:

the electrification that America;the structure of a substantial road network;the development of towns and also the expansion of suburbs;the growth of the medtox.orgnstruction and also chemical industries;new mass production techniques;increases in the variety of chain stores and also mail bespeak businesses;the spread of renowned entertainment;new medtox.orgnsumer goods, often made out of brand-new materials;sophisticated advertising.