Each pond or lake has actually several various zones that divide the water tower from height to bottom and side to side. The zones questioned are the Littoral Zone, Limnetic Zone, Profundal Zone, Euphotic Zone, and Benthic Zone.

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The Littoral Zone is the coast area that the lake or pond. The littoral zone is composed of the area from the dried land sloping to the open up water and also can be really narrow or very wide. Typically oligotrophic or young ponds have actually narrow littoral zones due to their steep sides and eutrophic or old ponds have wide littoral zones because of their tenderness sloping shoreline and sides. The littoral zone is shallow and gets a many nutrients from runoff and also non-point resource pollution. Therefore, it commonly has wealth of aquatic plant and algae growth. Part other typical inhabitants that the littoral zone are cattails, reeds, crawfish, snails, insects, zooplankton, and little fish.

The Limnetic Zone is typically classified together the open up water area that the lake or pond. This is a much bigger section the water in oligotrophic or younger ponds and lakes than it is in eutrophic or older body of water. In ~ the limnetic zone room two different sections. The upper part of the limnetic zone near the surface ar of the water is the Euphotic ar or Epilimnion (warm water region). This is the portion of water that receives sunlight. The ar ends where the sunlight falls short to pass through the water. The euphotic ar is where algae and other aquatic plants flourish (along v the littoral zone). Additionally this is the usual area of thick fish populations due to the fact that oxygen levels are typically higher due to call with the air.

Below the euphotic zone is the Profundal ar or Hypolimnion (cold water region). The profundal region is located below the thermocline wherein the sunlight does not penetrate. Again, the size of this zone counts on the age and water clarity that the pond or lake. The profundal zone commonly has reduced fish populations because of the lack of oxygen during countless parts the the year.

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The last zone is the Benthic Zone. This is the bottom the the pond or lake and also consists of organic sediments and also soil. The benthic zone is the pond or lakes digestive system. This is whereby bacteria decompose organic matter from dead algae, aquatic plants, and fish and also animal waste. The more organic matter in the pond, the an ext decomposition taking place. Decomposition deserve to take ar either aerobically (in the presence of oxygen) or anaerobically (without oxygen). It is much much better to have aerobic decomposition since it is a faster procedure and the byproducts are less complicated to handle. The benthic zone increases as the pond or lake ages.