Steam burns are much more dangerous than water burns because more heat is transferred due to the extr release the latent warm of condensation.

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To vaporize a liquid, power as heat must be transferred to the problem in bespeak to break the intermolecular binding so the the substance i do not care gaseous. In the case of pure substances, the temperature remains constant until the fluid has totally vaporized. The heat added during vaporization because of this does not result in an increase in temperature, due to the fact that it is used to rest the intermolecular bond (hydrogen bond). The heat to be added for the complete vaporization of a details amount of liquid is likewise referred to as warmth of vaporization or, much more generally, as latent heat.

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Figure: supply of warmth of vaporization during vaporization and also dissipation of heat of condensation throughout condensation

Water needs a very large amount of heat to vaporize. Because that example, to vaporize 1 kg the water, a heat power of 2257 kJ is required. If we compare this lot of warm with the heating of water from 20 °C to 100 °C, only 336 kJ is required. Thus, an ext than 6 times together much warmth is required for vaporization as was important for heating! The transferred warmth of vaporization can not simply have actually disappeared as result of the conservation of energy. Rather, this substantial amount of energy is stored together internal energy in the gas phase.

Water needs a many of the lot of warmth for vaporization contrasted to heating as much as boiling temperature!

During condensation, i.e. When gaseous water liquefies on a cold object, the previously soaked up latent warm is released again. The emitted warm from the problem is absorbed by the cooler object. The (internal) power of the water decreases and the intermolecular bond can kind again, leading to the liquid state. In the instance of condensation, one additionally speaks that heat that condensation, i beg your pardon is likewise a type of latent heat. The amount of heat of condensation is the very same as the heat of vaporization.

The energy took in by a substance throughout vaporization in the form of heat of vaporization (latent heat) is released throughout condensation in the kind of warmth of condensation (latent heat)!

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Figure: power flow chart of vaporization and condensation

This understanding now also explains why steam burns are generally much an ext painful and dangerous 보다 water burns. If the reasonably cool skin come into call with water vapor (steam), the water condenses there and also heat of condensation is released and transferred to the skin. As already explained, due to the large amount that latent warmth involved, there is a large amount the thermal energy transferred. Thus, in contact with steam, significantly much more heat is moved to our skin than in contact with fluid water, back the temperature is the same in both instances (100 °C).

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Figure: heat of condensation released during condensation of vapor (water vapor) leads to serious burns

Steam burns are an ext dangerous compared to water burns because additional latent warmth is transferred in the type of warm of condensation!

Note the the person perception of warm or cold is not based upon temperatures, yet on warm flows (transferred heat per unit time). Thus, return the temperatures are identical at 100 °C in both cases, condensation outcomes in a lot larger warmth flow. This better heat circulation not only causes a psychologically warmer perception, but also leads physical to more dangerous burns. An ext information on the perception of warm and also cold deserve to be found in the article Why does metal feel colder than wood.