Because joints space in consistent use, they regularly wear out over time because of overuse or aging. Joint reconstruction or replacement might be required to relieve the resulting pain and restore function. Many joints in the body, including the neck, shoulders, elbows, wrists, hands, hips, knees, ankles and also feet, space synovial, permitting movement and also articulation. When these joints suffer traumatic injury, or when the cartilage that usually protects them wears away, surgical repair or replacement may be necessary.

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Reconstruction and also Replacement Surgeries

Depending on the level of the damage, there are numerous surgical alternatives to repair or change joints, varying in complexity, durability and also recovery time.

Joint replacement Surgery

Joint replacement is a facility procedure, typically performed top top the hip, shoulder or knee. Prosthetic joints provided in the process are make of plastic and/or metal and also are design to relocate the same way natural joints do. Joint replacements may be cemented or uncemented.

Cemented prostheses are frequently used in enlarge patient who bones room weaker and also who are less active, while uncemented prostheses are offered in younger, more active patients. The procedure through the uncemented machine takes longer to heal because it requires expansion of the patient"s bone, however it outcomes in greater mobility. In either case, the man-made joint typically lasts for 10 to 15 years, so the surgical treatment may have to be repeated. In the case of younger patients, it may need to be repetitive two or an ext times.


Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure the is diagnostic as well as reparative. The is performed with a machine called an arthroscope which allows the surgeon to magnify, as well as visualize, the site on a video clip monitor. The arthroscope is inserted through tiny incisions at the site through i m sorry the doctor can likewise make minor adjustments, such together trimming cartilage, removing bone spurs or releasing tight ligaments.


Osteotomy is a procedure during which a section of bone is reduced in order to realign the damaged joint. This procedure is commonly performed top top the knee or hip for younger patients who perform not want to have actually joint replacement surgery yet.

Resurfacing Surgery

Most commonly performed top top the hip, resurfacing is valuable to young patient and also patients through medical conditions that make a hip instead of inadvisable. During resurfacing, just damaged cartilage is removed and a metal cap is inserted over the ball part of the hip. Back the surgery is less complex than i know good replacement, resurfacing does not have as long a monitor record and also so much it shows up to be linked with a higher risk of complications.


Arthrodesis, frequently known together joint fusion, is a surgical procedure during which the operated doctor uses miscellaneous wires, pins, screws and also plates to position the bones correctly until lock fuse. This fusion will stop painful movement. If there has been significant bone loss, a bone graft may be necessary. The bone to be grafted might be take away from another area the the patient"s body, acquired from a donor bank, or might be do of artificial material.

Small joint Surgery

If joints in the hands or feet become so bad damaged that everyday tasks are unmanageable, they might be replaced. In together cases, the score is to restore enough mobility because that the patient to resume performing basic tasks prefer using utensils or putting on shoes.

Joint reconstruction and replacement have provided good relief to patients experiencing from chronic major pain. By restoring movement as well, joint surgeries permit patients to lead more active, productive and also comfortable lives.

Additional Resources

Jerome R. Friedland, M.D.


Jerome R. Friedland, M.D., perfect his undergraduate research studies in his aboriginal state of brand-new York, then traveled abroad to research medicine. After medical school, he relocated to California and

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David L. Feingold, M.D.


Dr. David Feingold is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon specializing in arthroscopic sporting activities medicine, biologic share preservation and also joint restoration at his practi

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Maurice A. Perry, D.P.M.

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Maurice A. Perry, D.P.M., is board-certified in reconstructive surgical treatment of the foot and also ankle. He to be born in Washington, D.C., and also graduated native the university of Virginia v Bach

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Jonathan Berkowitz, M.D.


Dr. Jonathan Berkowitz is a fellowship-trained orthopedic sports medicine surgeon. He specializes in sports-related injuries. He offers total treatment of the shoulder, hip and knee, indigenous minimally invasi