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The election of 1860 was among the many pivotal presidential vote in American medtox.org. That pitted Republican nominee Abraham Lincoln versus Democratic Party nominee senator Stephen Douglas, Southern autonomous Party nominee john Breckinridge and also Constitutional Union Party nominee john Bell. The main issue of the election was slavery and states’ rights. Lincoln emerged victorious and also became the 16th president of the united States throughout a national crisis that would certainly tear states and families apart and test Lincoln’s leadership and also resolve: The civil War.

Lincoln’s Political medtox.org

Abraham Lincoln’s political ambitions began in 1832 once he was just 23 year old and ran for the Illinois residence of Representatives. When he lost that election, two years later, the was chosen to the state legislature as a member the the Whig party, whereby he publicly announced his disdain because that slavery.

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In 1847, Lincoln was chosen to the U.S. Residence of representatives where, on January 10, 1849, he introduced a bill to abolish slavery in the ar of Columbia. The bill didn’t pass, however it opened up the door for later on anti-slavery legislation.  

In 1858, Lincoln ran for the Senate, this time as a Republican versus Illinois Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. He lost the election but gained importance for himself and also the newly developed Republican Party.


1860 Republican nationwide Convention

The Republican Party hosted its 2nd national convention on may 16, 1860, in Chicago, Illinois. It embraced a moderate view on slavery and also was versus its expansion, although part delegates want the institution abolished altogether.


The two frontrunners for the Republican presidential nomination to be Lincoln and brand-new York Senator william Seward. After 3 votes, Lincoln to be nominated with Hannibal Hamlin together his to run mate.

Democrats break-up Over enslavement

The democratic Party remained in shambles in 1860. Castle should have been the party of unity, however instead were split on the worry of slavery. Southerly Democrats believed slavery must be expanded but Northern Democrats opposed the idea.

States’ rights were also hotly debated. Southerly Democrats feeling states had the right to govern us while north Democrats sustained the Union and also a nationwide government.


With together confusion among the ranks, it was unclear how the democratic Party would ever nominate a candidate because that the 1860 election. But on April 23, 1860, they met in Charleston, south Carolina to decide their platform and also identify a nominee.

Stephen Douglas was the frontrunner, yet Southern Democrats refuse to support him because he wouldn’t embrace a pro-slavery platform. Countless walked out in protest, leave the staying delates there is no the bulk needed to nominate Douglas; the convention finished without a nominee.

The democracy met again 2 months later in Baltimore. Once again, plenty of Southern delegates left in disgust, yet enough stayed to nominate Douglas as their presidential nominee and his running mate, previous Georgia branch Herschel Johnson.


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Southern democrats nominated man Breckinridge, a supporter of slavery and also states’ rights, to represent them in the election. Oregon city council Joseph roadway was his running mate.

Constitutional Union Party

The constitution Union Party was mainly made up of disgruntled Democrats, Unionists and also former Whigs. On might 9, 1860, they hosted their an initial convention and also nominated Tennessee slaveholder man Bell as their presidential nominee and also former Harvard college President Edward Everett together his to run mate.

The constitution Union party claimed to it is in the party of law. They took no official position on enslavement or states’ rights, but promised to safeguard the Constitution and the Union.


Still, Bell wanted to market a compromise on the topic of enslavement by extending the Missouri deteriorate line across the joined States and make enslavement legal in brand-new states to the southern of the line and illegal in brand-new states north of the line. They hoped to guide voters that were upset v the divisiveness that the autonomous Party.

1860 Presidential campaign

None that the 1860 presidential candidates did anywhere near the level of marketing seen in modern-day elections. In fact, other than for Douglas, they greatly kept come themselves and also let famous party members and citizens project for them in ~ rallies and parades. Much of the campaigning, however, was dedicated to gaining voters to the ballot crate on election Day.

Lincoln’s political experience and also speeches spoke because that themselves, yet one of his main campaign goals was to store the Republican party unified. That didn’t want his party to reveal any kind of of the discord the the Democrats and hoped to divide the democratic votes.

Douglas campaigned in the North and also South come hopefully consist of for the split voter basic in the South, and also gave a collection of campaign speeches in favor of the Union.

1860 choice Results: The southern Reacts

On November 6, 1860, voters checked out the ballot crate to actors their vote for chairman of the unified States. Lincoln won the choice in an electoral college landslide with 180 electoral votes, although the secured less than 40 percent of the well-known vote.


The North had actually many an ext people 보다 the South and therefore regulate of the Electoral College. Lincoln dominated the northern states however didn’t lug a solitary Southern state.

Douglas got some northern support—12 electoral votes—but not nearly enough to sell a serious difficulty to Lincoln. The southerly vote was split between Breckenridge that won 72 electoral votes and also Bell who won 39 electoral votes. The break-up prevented one of two people candidate indigenous gaining sufficient votes to success the election.

The choice of 1860 firmly established the Democratic and also Republican parties as the majority parties in the united States. It additionally confirmed deep-seated views on slavery and also states’ rights in between the North and South.

Before Lincoln’s inauguration, eleven southerly states had actually seceded from the Union. Weeks ~ his swearing-in, the Confederate army fired on ft Sumter and also started the civil War.


Sources

1860 Presidential basic Election Results. David Leip’s Atlas the U.S. Presidential Elections.

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Abraham Lincoln. Whitehouse.gov.Constitutional Union Party. “No North, No South, No East, No West, Nothing yet the Union.” nationwide Park Service. U.S. Room of the Interior.Constitutional Union Party. Texas State historic Association.Pre-Presidential career 1830-1860. National Park Service. U.S. Room of the Interior.Southern democratic Party. Ohio background Central.United says Presidential election of 1860. Encyclopedia Virginia.