periosteum
AB
tough,fibrous tissue that forms the outermost extending of bone
compact bonedense hard and very solid bone that develops the protective outer layer of bones. Aka cortical bone
spongy bonelighter and also not as strong as compact bone. Aka cancellous bone
medullary cavitycentral cavity situated in the obelisk of long bones whereby it surrounding by compact bones. Red & YELLOW BONE MARROW are STORED
endosteumtissue that lines the medullary cavity
red bone marrowlocated in ~ the spongy bone,manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin,white blood cells and also thrombocytes
hemopoieticpertaining come the formation of blood cells
yellow bone marrowfunctions as fat storage
cartilagesmooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts together a shock absorber between ones.


You are watching: The slightly movable articulation between the sacrum and posterior portion of the ilium


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Additionally make up flexible parts of the skeleton
articular cartilagecovers the surface of the bones whereby they come with each other to type joints
meniscuscurved fibrous cartilage uncovered in part joints such as the knee
diaphysisshaft of a lengthy bone
epiphyseswider ends of the lengthy bones
foramenopening in the bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
processnormal projection on the surface of a bone that most generally serves as an attachment because that a muscle/tendon
jointsaka articulations, place of union between 2 or much more bones
fibrous jointsconsisting the inflexible class of thick connective tissue
fontanellesaka soft spot space normally current in the skull the a newborn
cartilaginous jointsallow only slight movement & consist of bones associated entirely through cartilage
pubic symphysisallows some activity to facilitate childbirth
synovial jointcreated where 2 skeletal articulate to permit a range of motions
ball & socket jointssuch as hips, enable a wide selection of movement in countless directions
hinge jointsknees & elbows are synovial joints that enable movement in just 1 direction
synovial capsuleoutermost class of solid fibrous tissue that resembles a sleeve together it surrounds the joint
synovial membranelines the capsule & secretes synovial fluid
synvoial fluidflows within the synovial cavity, acts together a lubricant to make smooth movement of the joint possible
ligamentsbands the fibrous organization that forms joints through connecting one bone to one more bone or by joining a bone come cartilage
bursafibrous sac that acts together a cushion come ease movement in locations that room subject come friction
axial skeletonprotects the guts of the nervous, respiratory, and also circulatory systems
appendicular skeletonmakes body activity possible
craniumportion the the skull the encloses & protects the brain
suturesjagged fibrous joints that sign up with the cranial skeleton together
frontal boneanterior section of the cranium that creates the forehead
parietal bones2 the the biggest bones that the skull. They type most of the roof & top sides that the cranium
occipital boneforms the back component of the skull & the base of the cranium
external auditory meatusthe opened of the exterior auditory canal the the external ear
sphenoid boneirregular, wedge shame bone in ~ the base of the skull
ethmoid bonelight spongy bone located at the roof and sides that the nose
auditory ossicles3 tiny bones located in each center ear
nasal bonesupper part of the bridge of the nose
zygomatic bonesaka cheekbones
maxillary bonesform many of the upper jaw
palatine bonesform the anterior(front) component of the hard palate the the mouth & floor the the nose
lacrimal bonesmake up part of the orbit(socket the the eye) at the inside angle
inferior conchaethin scroll-like bones that type part of the inner of the nose
vomer boneforms the basic of the nasal septum
mandibleaka jawbone, is the only movable bone in the skull
thoracic cavityaka rib cage, bony structure that protects the heart & lungs
ribsaka costals affix posteriorly to the thoracic vertebrae
sternumaka breast bone flat dagger shame bone situated in the center of the chest
manubriumbony framework that forms the upper section of the sternum
body the the sternumbony structure that develops the middle part of the sternum
xiphoid processstructure do of cartilage that creates the lower section of the sternum
pectoral girdlethe shoulders which assistance the arms & hands
clavicleaka collar bone, is a slim bone that connects the manubrium that the sternum come the scapula
scapulaaka shoulder blade
acromionextension of the scapula that creates the high allude of the shoulder
humerusbone that the top arm
radiussmaller much shorter bone in the forearm,runs increase the thumb side of the forearm
ulnalarger,longer bone of the forearm
olecranon processaka funny bone, is a large projection ~ above the upper finish of the ulna
carpalsbones that kind the wrist
metacarpals5 bones that form the palm the the hand
phalangesare the 14 skeleton of the finger * skeleton of the toes together well
spinal columnaka vertebral obelisk protects the spinal cord & support the head and also body
vertebrae26 in the spinal column
laminaposterior section of the vertebrae
intervertebral disksmade that cartilage,separate & cushion the vertebrae from each other
cervical vertebraefirst set of 7 vertebrae and they form the neck
thoracic vertebraeknown together T1 & T12, room the 2nd set of 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebraeknown together L1-L5, make up the third set of 5 vertebrae & together type the inward curve of the lower spine
sacrumslightly curved triangular shaped bone close to the basic of the spine that forms the lower portion of the back
coccyxaka tailbone creates the end of the spine & is actually made the 4 little vertebrae that space fused together
pelvic girdleprotectsinternal organs and also supports the reduced extremities
iliumbroad blade shame bone that forms the earlier & sides of the pubic bone
sacroiliacthe contempt movable articulation between the sacrum & posterior section of the ilium
ischiumforms the lower posterior portion of the pubic bone, bear the load of the body as soon as sitting
pubisforms the anterior section ofthe pubic bone, located just listed below the urinary bladder
pubic symphysiscartilaginous joint the unites the left & right pubic bones
acetabulumaka hip sockets, large circular cavity in every side the the pelvis the articulates w/ the head the the femur to type the i know good joint
femurslargest bones in the body
patellaaka knee cap, bonyanterior section of the knee
poplitealposterior room behind the knee wherein the ligaments,vessels, and also muscles regarded this joint are located
cruciate ligamentsmake feasible the movement of the knee
tibiaaka shin bone is the bigger anterior weight bearing bone in the reduced leg
fibulathe smaller of the two bones in the reduced leg
anklesthe joints that affix the lower leg & foot, make the essential movements possible
tarsalthe 7 brief bones that the ankle similar to the skeletal of the wrist,
malleolusrounded bony estimate on the tibia & fibula top top the political parties of each ankle joint
talusthe fish eye bone that articulates w/ the tibia & fibula
calcaneusaka hoe bone, llargest of the tarsal bones
metatarsals5 skeleton that form the part of the foot wherein the toes are attached
phalangesbones of the toe, likewise the fingers
chiropractorholds a dr of chiropractic level & specializes in the manipulative treatment of disorders orginating native misalignment the the spine
orthopedic surgeonphysician who specializes in diagnosing & treating diseases & disorders involving bones, joints and muscles
osteopathholds a dr of osteopathy degree & uses timeless forms of medical treatment in addition to specializing in dealing with health troubles by spinal manipulation
podiatristdr the podiatry level & specialization in diagnosing & dealing with disorders that the foot
rheumatologistphysician that specializes in diagnosis & therapy of arthritis and also disorders such together osteoporosis
ankylosisloss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury, or a surgical procedure
arthrosclerosisstiffness of the joints
bursitisinflammation the a bursa
chondromalaciaabnormal softening the cartilage
chondromaslow farming benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
costochondritisinflammation that the cartilage the connects a rib come the sternum
hallux valgusaka bunion, an abnormal enlargemetn the the joint at the basic of the good toe
hemarthrosisblood within a joint
polymyalgia rheumaticageriatric inflammatory disorder of the muscle & joints identified by pain and stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, hips and thighs
synovitisinflammation the the synovial membrane that results in ede & ache of the impacted joint
dislocationtotal displacement the a bone indigenous its joint
subluxationpartial displacement that a bone indigenous its joint
arthritisinflammatory problem of one or an ext joint
osteoarthritismost commonly connected w/ aging
osteophytesbone spurs
spondylosisaka spinal osteoarthritis, degenerative disorder can reason the ns of regular spinal structure & function
gouty arthritisaka gout, kind of arthritis identified by deposits of uricacid in the joints
rheumatoid arthritisaka RA, chronic autoimmune disorder in i beg your pardon the joints & part organs of various other body systems room attacked
ankylosing spondylitisform that rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation that the joints in between the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritisautoimmune disorder that affects children ages 16 yrs or less
herniated diskaka slipped/ruptured disk breaking apart of an intervertebral disk that outcomes in pressure on spinal nerve roots
lumbagopain in the lumbar region
spondylolisthesisis the front slipping activity of the human body of one of the reduced lumbar vertebrae ~ above the vertebra or sacrum below it
spina bifidacongenital defect that occurs throughout early pregnancy as soon as the spinal canal stops working to close totally around the spinal cord to defend it
kyphosisan abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as regarded from the side
lordosisabnormal increase in the front curvature that the lumbar spine
scoliosislateral curvature of the spine
craniostenosismalformation of the skull as result of the premature birth closure of the cranial sutures
fibrous dysplasiabone disorder that unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure & replaces it through fibrous tissue
ostealgiapain in the bone
osteitisinflammation the the bone
osteomalaciaaka adult rickets, abnormal softening of skeleton in adults
osteomyelitisinflammation that the bone marrow & nearby bone
osteonecrosisdeath the bone tissue as result of insufficient blood supply
paget's diseasebone an illness of unknown cause
periostitisinflammation the the periosteum
ricketsdeficiency condition occurring in children,results indigenous a vit D deficiency
short staturecondition result from the failure of the skeletal of the limbs to thrive to an ideal length compared to the dimension of the head & trunk
talipesaka clubfoot describes any type of congenital deformity the the foot including the talus(ankle bones)
primary bone cancerrelatively rarely malignant tumor the originates in a bone
secondary bone cancerdescribes tumors that have metastasized come bones from various other organs
myelomacancer the occurs in blood do cells found in red bone marrow
osteochondromaa light bony estimate covered with cartilage
osteoporosismarked loss of bone thickness & an increase in bone porosity the if frequently linked with aging
osteopeniathinner then average bone density
compression fractureoccurs when the bone is pressed with each other on itself
colles fractureaka fractured wrist
osteoporotic hip fractureaka damaged hip usually caused by weakening that the bones as result of osteoporosis
fracturea broken bone
closed fracturebroken bone however there is no open wound
open fracturebroken bone and also an open skin wound
comminuted fracturebone is splintered or crushed
greenstick fracturewhere the bone is bend & just partially broken, occurs mostly in children
pathologic fractureoccurs when a dilute bone division under normal strain
spiral fracturefracture whereby the bone has been twisted apart
stress fracturewhich is one overuse injury is a small crack in a bone the often creates from chronic too much impact
transverse fractureoccurs straight across the bone
fat embolusform once a long bone is broken & fat cells from yellow bone marrow space released right into the blood
crepitationgrating sound heard as soon as the end of a broken bone relocate together
callusforms as a bulging deposit roughly the area that the break
radiographaka x ray, supplied to visualize bone fractures & other abnormalities
arthroscopyvisual check of the internal structure that a joint
bone marrow biopsydiagnostic test that may be vital after abnormal varieties or number of red or white blood cells are uncovered in a finish blood count test
magnetic resonance imagingused to picture soft tissue frameworks such together the internal of complicated joints
bone density testingused to determine losses or transforms in bone density
ultrasonic bone thickness testingscreening test because that osteoporosis or other conditions that reason a loss of bone mass
dual x beam absorptiometrylow exposure radiographic measure up of the spine & hips to measure bone density
bone marrow transplantused to treat certain species of cancer
allogenic bone marrow transplantuses healthy bones marrow cell from a compatible donor
autologous bone marrow transplantpatient obtain his very own bone marrow cell which have actually been harvested, cleansed,treated, and also stored
orthoticmechanical appliance such as a leg brace the is particularly designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
prosthesissubstitute for a hurt or missing body part
arthrodesissurgical blend of 2 bones come stiffen a joint
artholysissurgical loosening of one ankylosed joint
arthroscopic surgeryminimally invasive procedure because that the therapy of the internal of a joint
chondroplastysurgical repair of damaged cartilage
synovectomysurgical remove of a synovial membrane native a joint
viscosupplementationsinjections provided to include preparation of hyaluronic acid & associated compounds come a joint, easing friction
arthroplastysurgical fix of a damaged joint
percutaneous diskectomyperformed come treat a herniated intervertebral disk
percutaneous vertebroplastyperformed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
laminectomysurgical remove of a lamina or posterior portion of a vertebra
spinal fusiontechnique come immobilize component of the spine through joining together two or much more vertebraecraniectomy
craniectomysurgical removed of a portion of the skull
craniotomysurgical scratch or opening into the skull
cranioplastysurgical repair of the skull
osteoclasissurgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomysurgical removed of a bone
osteoplastysurgical repair of a bone or bones
osteorrhaphysurgical bland or wiring with each other of bones
osteotomysurgical cut of a bone
periosteotomyan incision v the periosteum to the bone
closed reductionattempted realignment that a bone associated in a fracture or joint dislocation
immobilizationact the holding, suturing, or fastening the bone in a fixed position with strapping or a cast
tractiona pulling force exerted top top a limb in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone or joint to common alignment
external fixationfracture treatment where pins are put through the soft organization & bone so that an outside appliance can be offered to organize the piece of bone firmly in place
internal fixationplate or pins room are placed straight into the bone to organize the damaged pieces together
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