The Peloponnesian war

The Peloponnesian War, among the most far-reaching events in old Greek history, sheathe the city-states of the old Greek world, forever an altering the region.

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Peloponnesian War

This copper engraving by Matthaus Merian illustration depicts the Athenian naval defeat close to Corinth over the Corinthian and Spartan fleet approximately 430 B.C.E.

Photograph by akg-images/Newscom


The Peloponnesian battle was a war dealt with in old Greece in between Athens and Sparta—the two most an effective city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 come 405 B.C.E.). This battle shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. The war featured two durations of combat be separated by a six-year truce.

Athens and also Sparta had previously struggle in the years prior to the war. One of Sparta’s allies, Corinth, had straight engaged the Athenian army. Together a Spartan ally, Corinth resumed hostilities towards Athens once Athens intimidated Corinth’s understanding in the an ar surrounding Corcyra. This eventually attracted Sparta into the conflict. The Spartan army began by raiding lands in ~ an Athenian allied territory, an especially a an ar near Athens dubbed Attica. The Athenians had constructed walls stretching from your seaport to the city of Athens. The walls helped defend Athens from direct assault, and its leader, Pericles, urged Athens no to engage in straight land battles with the Spartans. Instead, the Athenians offered their navy to supply troops right into the Spartan territory to command raids ~ above settlements.

After year of open up warfare, Sparta offered peace and also Athens accepted. The commitment was made main with the signing that the tranquility of Nicias. The treaty stated that Athens and Sparta would protect each various other for the following 50 years. However, the treaty just lasted six.

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Hostilities resumed between Athens and Sparta v an attack launched through the Athenians in ~ Sicily. Sparta made decision to retaliate. Learning from its past experiences through the Athenian navy, they created a fleet of warships. It would be one more decade of warfare before the Spartan basic Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet in ~ Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian battle was concluded. Simultaneous come the finish of this dispute came the finish of the golden e of ancient Greece.