It would certainly be fun to travel back in time come visit the dynamic public concert of London’s Hanover Square Rooms during the early 1790s. This is when Franz Joseph Haydn was taking the city by storm, conducting his last twelve symphonies (Nos. 93-104) indigenous a seat in ~ the harpsichord. Haydn stayed on the payroll that the Esterházy court throughout this time. Yet it was London whereby he was pertained to as a rockstar, thanks to an invitation from the prominent impresario, Johann Peter Salomon.

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Symphony No. 100 in G Major (1794) was created for Haydn’s triumphant return to the English capital. It’s filled through surprising, new sounds- many notably the “Turkish” exoticism that the triangle, crash cymbals, and bass drum. Audiences at the time might have meant to hear these special effects in the opera house, but not in a symphony. Indigenous a bugle contact (a quote of the Austrian basic Salute) to drumrolls, this “Military” Symphony is filled through the sounds of the battlefield. England was embroiled in the French Revolutionary battles at the time, but Haydn may have been an ext influenced by the sound of the Austro-Turkish war which arisen between 1788 and 1791.

Following the premiere, a writer for the Morning Chronicle wrote,

It is the progressing to battle…And the in march of men, the sounding of the charge, the thundering that the onset, the clash the arms, the groans that the wounded, and what might well be dubbed the hellish roar of war enhanced to a orgasm of horrid sublimity.

Still, all of these “Military” references take place within the paper definition of stately elegance and even humor. The you re welcome melody which opens the Allegretto second movement originated in this music from Haydn’s Concerto for Lire Organizzata in G, Hob. VIIh/3. There are moments i m sorry seem come foreshadow the music that Beethoven. (The young, rebellious Beethoven come from Bonn to examine with Haydn about this time). Compare this ascending scale lines in the strings in the 3rd movement (Menuetto: Moderato) with this familiar passage from the third movement the Beethoven’s fifth Symphony.

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This music is a whirlwind of energy, humor, and also surprise- an exciting unfolding drama the conversing voices. Through every jolting interruption, teasing imitation, interjection, “wrong” note, and also sudden turn, it’s simple to get the sense that a power has been unleashed which has actually a “mind” that its own. All of this craziness reaches an exuberant climax in the last movement. Fasten your seatbelt and also enjoy the wild ride…


Photograph: a depiction of the Battle of Valmy which occurred top top September 20, 1792 throughout the French Revolutionary Wars, Horace Vernet, 1826

About Timothy Judd

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A native of Upstate brand-new York, Timothy Judd has been a member the the Richmond Symphony violin section since 2001. The is a graduate that the Eastman college of Music where he earned the levels Bachelor that Music and Master the Music, studying with civilization renowned Ukrainian-American violin Oleh Krysa.The child of public school music educators, Timothy Judd began violin lessons in ~ the period of four through Eastman’s community Education Division. He was a student of Anastasia Jempelis, one of the earliest champion of the Suzuki technique in the united States.A passionate teacher, Mr. Judd has maintained a personal violin studio in the Richmond area because 2002 and has been energetic coaching room music and numerous youth orchestra sectionals.In his complimentary time, Timothy Judd enjoys working out with Richmond’s popular SEAL Team physics Training program.