In 1886, a national strike for 8-hour workdays caused clashes, deaths, and a bomb in Haymarket Square, Chicago. This guide provides access to product related come the "Haymarket Affair" in the Chronicling America digital collection of historic newspapers.

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About Chronicling America

Chronicling America is a searchable digital arsenal of historical newspaper pages indigenous 1777-1963 sponsored jointly by the national Endowment for the Humanities and also the Library that Congress.Included in the website is the Directory the US papers in American Libraries, a searchable table of contents to papers published in the united States since 1690, which helps researchers determine what title exist because that a specific place and also time, and also how to accessibility them.
Sketch the the seven men complicit in the Haymarket Affair. November 16, 1887. Watertown Republican (Watertown, WI), picture 3. Chronicling America: historic American Newspapers.

On may 4, 1886, a bomb detonates close to Haymarket Square in Chicago after police come to break up a rally in assistance of to mark workers. This protest is one of a variety of strikes, demonstrations, and other occasions held by workers and also their supporters in Chicago from may 1-4 to support for an eight hour workday. Countless police officers and also protesters are wounded or eliminated by the blast, and also ultimately 8 individuals are arrested, tried, and convicted in relation to the bombing. Read an ext about it!

The information in this guide concentrates on primary source materials uncovered in the digitized historic newspapers indigenous the digital arsenal Chronicling America.

The timeline listed below highlights important days related to this topic and also a ar of this guide offers some said search tactics for additional research in the collection.

May 1, 1886May 3, 1886May 4, 1886May 27, 1886July 16, 1886September14,1887November 10, 1887November 11, 1887June 26, 1893
Industrial workers throughout the U.S. Walk on strike, demanding an 8-hour workday.
During a strike in ~ McCormick reaping machine Works in Chicago, demonstrators clash through police, and also several that the strikers are wounded or killed.
A bomb is detonated after police break up a meeting of job activists close to Haymarket Square in Chicago.One police officer is eliminated by the blast, and also several men, both strikers and also police officers, die or are wounded in the occurring violence.
Thirty-one guys are indicted and also 8 men—Albert Parsons, august Spies, Oscar Neebe, louis Lingg, George Engel, Adolph Fischer, Michael Schwab, Samuel Fielden—are arrested and also charged together accessories come murder.
The eight men go come trial. On august 19th, the men are discovered guilty, and seven room sentenced to fatality by hanging. The eighth man, Oscar Neebe is provided a lighter sentence the 15 year in the penitentiary.
After an appeal is filed, the Illinois supreme Court upholds the reduced court’s ruling.An appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court in November is denied.
Louis Lingg commits self-destruction in prison.
Parsons, Spies, Engel, and also Fischer room executed. Your funeral is saw by end 150,000 people.

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Illinois governor john Peter Altgeld pardons Neebe, Fielden, and also Schwab.

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