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Hear about Gangraena by thomas Edwards, a book attacking the religious division in the city the London after ~ the English polite War
An advent to Gangraena (1646) by thomas Edwards, a Puritan clergyman who was sharply an important of those who theological location differed from his own.
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Puritan hopes were again raised when the Calvinist James by means of of Scotland succeeded Elizabeth as James ns of England in 1603. But at the Hampton Court Conference in 1604 that dismissed the Puritans’ grievances v the expression “no bishop, no king.” Puritans continued to be under pressure. Part were deprived of their positions; others acquired by with minimal conformity; and also still others, who might not expropriate compromise, fled England. The push for conformity increased under Charles i (1625–49) and his archbishop, wilhelm Laud. Nevertheless, the Puritan spirit ongoing to spread, and when civil war broke out in between Parliament and Charles in the 1640s, Puritans seized the opportunity to urge Parliament and also the nation to renew its commitment with God. Parliament referred to as together a human body of priest to recommend it ~ above the federal government of the church, but this body—the Westminster Assembly—was so badly separated that it failed to achieve reform the church government and discipline. Meanwhile, the new Model Army, i m sorry had defeated the royalist forces, feared the the Assembly and Parliament would reach a compromise through King Charles that would destroy their gains for Puritanism, so it seized power and also turned it end to its hero, Oliver Cromwell. The spiritual settlement under Cromwell’s Commonwealth enabled for a limited pluralism the favoured the Puritans. A variety of radical Puritan groups appeared, including the Levelers, the Diggers, the 5th Monarchy Men, and the Quakers (the only one of lasting significance).

After Cromwell’s death in 1658, conservative Puritans supported the reconstruction of King Charles II and a amendment episcopal polity. However, they were outmaneuvered by those who reinstituted Laud’s strictly episcopal pattern. Thus, English Puritanism gotten in a period known as the great Persecution. English Puritans do a last unsuccessful effort to secure their best of a considerable church during the Glorious Revolution, however England’s religious solution was defined in 1689 through the Toleration Act, which continued the developed church as episcopal but likewise tolerated dissenting groups.

In the American colonies

The Puritan best of realizing the Holy republic by the establishment of a covenanted community was brought to the American nest of Virginia by thomas Dale, but the greatest opportunity come in new England. The original pattern of church company in the Massachusetts Bay colony was a “middle way” between presbyterianism and also Separatism, yet in 1648 four brand-new England Puritan nests jointly adopted the Cambridge Platform, creating a congregational form of church government.


Puritans that the Massachusetts Bay nest walking come church in the snow.

The new England Puritans fashioned the civil republic according come the structure of the church. Just the elect might vote and also rule. As soon as this raised difficulties for second-generation residents, they adopted the Half-Way Covenant, which allowed baptized, moral, and orthodox persons to share the privileges of church membership. Other variations of the Puritan experiment were developed in Rhode Island by i get it Williams, that was banished indigenous the Massachusetts only colony, and in Pennsylvania through the Quaker william Penn.

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