What Is a Fungal Infection?

A fungal infection, likewise called mycosis, is a skin an illness caused through a fungus.

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There space millions of types of fungi. Castle live in the dirt, top top plants, on family surfaces, and also on her skin. Sometimes, they deserve to lead come skin troubles like rashes or bumps.

Fungal epidemic Symptoms

A fungal skin infection could cause:

IrritationScaly skinRednessItchingSwellingBlisters

Types the Fungal Infections

Fungal skin infections have the right to happen almost everywhere on your body. Some of the most usual are athlete"s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infections.

Athlete"s Foot

Athlete"s foot, likewise called tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of her foot.

The fungi grow best in warm, moist places such together shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. Castle often uncovered in the summer and in hot, humid climates. That happens an ext often in world who wear chop shoes, who don’t change their sweaty socks, and also who use public baths and also pools.

Athlete"s foot causes

The fungi behind athlete’s foot live ~ above the dead organization of your hair, toenails, and also outer skin layers. In ~ least 4 kinds the fungus can cause the infection. The most typical is Trichophyton rubrum.

Athlete"s foot symptoms

Signs the athlete"s foot vary from person to person. You could have:

Peeling, cracking, and scaly feetBlistersSkin that’s red, softened, or damaged downBurning

Types of athlete"s foot

Interdigital. This is additionally called toe web infection. Most human being with athlete’s foot have actually this form. It generally occurs between your 2 smallest toes. The infection have the right to spread to the single of her foot.Moccasin. This type can begin with irritation, dryness, itching, or scaly skin. End time, her skin may thicken and also crack. This infection can involve your whole sole and extend ~ above the political parties of her foot.Vesicular. This is the rarest type of athlete"s foot. It usually begins with a sudden outbreak that fluid-filled blisters, regularly on the underside of your foot. They additionally can appear between her toes, on her heel, or on peak of her foot.

Athlete"s foot diagnosis

Not all itchy, scaly feet are brought about by a fungus. Your doctor might scrape turn off a little of skin and look in ~ it under a microscope to inspect for a different condition.

Athlete"s foot treatment

Your doctor might give friend antifungal medicine to placed on her skin or, in serious cases, one more kind to take it by mouth. Be sure to store your feet clean and also dry.

Athlete"s foot prevention

To store from obtaining athlete’s foot, wear shower sandals in public showering areas, undertake shoes the let your feet breathe, and also wash your feet every day v soap and also water. Dry them thoroughly, and use a top quality foot powder.

Jock Itch

A kind of fungus called tinea causes jock itch. The infection is additionally known as tinea cruris. Tinea loves warm, moist locations like your genitals, inner thighs, and buttocks. Epidemic happen an ext often in the summer or in warm, wet climates.

Jock itch is a red, itchy rash that’s frequently ring-shaped.

Is jock itch contagious?

It’s just mildly contagious. It have the right to spread from person to human through direct contact or indirectly v objects with the fungus on them.

Jock itch symptoms

Symptoms that jock itch include:

A red, circular, decision with increased edgesRedness on her groin or thighFlaking, peeling, or cracked skin

Jock itch diagnosis

Doctors can usually diagnose that by what it looks like and where the is on your body. They can look in ~ a sample of skin under a microscopic lense to it is in sure.

Jock itch treatment

Keep the impacted area clean and also dry. Over-the-counter antifungal medicines deserve to treat most instances of jock itch. In severe cases, your doctor can need to offer you a prescription cream. No matter your treatment, be sure to:

Wash and also dry the area through a clean towelUse the antifungal medication as directedChange apparel -- specifically your underwear -- every day


Ringworm, likewise called tinea corporis, isn’t a worm however a fungal skin infection. It’s named for the ring-shaped rash through a winding, worm-like edge.

Is ringworm contagious?

Ringworm can spread v direct call with infected human being or animals. You can additionally pick it up off clothes or furniture. Heat and humidity can assist spread the infection.

Ringworm symptoms

Ringworm is a red, circular, flat sore that deserve to happen together with scaly skin. The outer component of the sore can be elevated while the skin in the middle appears normal. Job or red rings might overlap.

Ringworm diagnosis

Your doctor can diagnose ringworm based upon your symptoms. They could ask whether you’ve come into contact with infected human being or animals. Lock might also take samples from the area and also look at them under a microscopic lense to be sure.

Ringworm treatment

Treatment usually involves antifungal medications that you placed on your skin. You might use an over-the-counter cream such as:

In more severe cases, you might need prescription medications to put on her skin or take by mouth.

Yeast Infections

Yeast infections of her skin are called cutaneous candidiasis. A type of fungus called candida causes these infections as soon as it grows too much. Yeast infections aren’t contagious.

The infections space most common in warm, moist, creased locations of her body, including your armpits and also groin. They often happen in civilization who are obese or that have diabetes. People taking antibiotics are also at higher risk.

Candida have the right to cause diaper rash in infants. That can likewise cause infections in your nails, vagina, or mouth (oral thrush).

Yeast epidemic symptoms

Signs of a yeast infection on her skin include:

RashPatches that ooze clear fluidPimple-like bumpsItchingBurning

Signs that a yeast infection in your nail beds include:

SwellingPainPusA white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed

Signs of thrush (yeast epidemic of your mouth) include:


Signs of a quality yeast infection include:


Yeast epidemic diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your medical history and perform a physics exam. They might likewise take a sample indigenous the impacted area come look in ~ under a microscope.

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Yeast epidemic treatment

Treatment counts on the infection. Medicated creams have the right to treat many skin yeast infections. Because that a quality infection, you can usually usage medicated suppositories. A medicated mouthwash or lozenges that dissolve in your mouth may treat dental thrush. If you have a significant infection or a weakened immune system, you could need anti-yeast medications that you take by mouth.