World war II ended six years and one day after Germany’s intrusion of Poland on September 1, 1939, sparked the 20th century’s second an international conflict. By the moment it finish on the deck of one American warship on September 2, 1945, human being War II had claimed the stays of an estimated 60-80 million people, approximately 3 percent the the world’s population. The vast majority of those who passed away in medtox.org’s most dangerous war to be civilians, including 6 million Jews killed in Nazi concentration camps throughout the Holocaust.
You are watching: Which of the following events led most directly to the end of world war ii in europe?
Germany employed its “blitzkrieg” (“lightning war”) strategy to sweep across the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the war’s opened months and force much more than 300,000 British and also other ally troops to evacuate continent Europe indigenous Dunkirk. In June 1941, German dictator Adolf Hitler damaged his nonaggression pact v the Soviet Union and also launched procedure Barbarossa, which carried Nazi troops to the entrances of Moscow.
By the time the United claims entered people War II adhering to the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, German pressures occupied much of Europe native the black color Sea to the English Channel. The Allies, however, rotate the tide of the conflict, and the following major events brought World war II come an end.
WATCH: The Lasting influence of War
After storming throughout Europe in the very first three years of the war, overextended Axis pressures were put on the defensive after the Soviet Red army rebuffed castle in the brutal battle of Stalingrad, i beg your pardon lasted from respectable 1942 come February 1943. The fierce fight for the city named after Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin resulted in nearly two million casualties, consisting of the deaths of 10s of countless Stalingrad residents.
As Soviet troops began to advancement on the eastern Front, the west Allies got into Sicily and also southern Italy, leading to the fall of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini’s federal government in July 1943. The Allies then opened up a west Front with the amphibious D-Day invasion of Normandy top top June 6, 1944. After obtaining a foothold in northern France, allied troops liberated Paris on august 25 followed by Brussels much less than 2 weeks later.
READ MORE: 8 things You should Know about WWII's east Front
2. Fight of the Bulge
Camouflaged tanks and also infantrymen wearing snow capes move throughout a snow-covered ar in the Ardennes-Alsace campaign of the fight of the Bulge, 1945.
See more: You Done Pissed Off A Petty Bitch, Yas Paroles
medtox.org Archive/Universal photos Group/Getty Images
Germany uncovered itself squeezed on both sides together Soviet troops progressed into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and also Romania while the western Allies ongoing to press eastward. Forced to hit a two-front war with dwindling resources, an significantly desperate Hitler authorized a desperate offensive on the western Front in wishes of splitting the allied lines. The Nazis launched a surprise assault along an 80-mile, densely wooded stretch that the Ardennes forest in Belgium and Luxembourg top top December 16, 1944.
The German onslaught resulted in the Allied heat to bulge, but it would certainly not break throughout six mainly of fighting in subzero problems that left soldiers enduring from hypothermia, frostbite and trench foot. American forces endured the full might of what to be left that Germany’s power however lost around 20,000 guys in what was your deadliest solitary battle in world War II. What became known as the fight of the Bulge would revolve out to it is in Germany’s critical gasp together the Soviet Red military launched a winter attack on the east Front the would have them at the Oder River, much less than 50 miles from the German resources of Berlin, by the spring.