What Is Bone Marrow?

Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue that is situated in the medullary cavities (centers) the certain big bones. Healthy bone marrow is vital part that the body, together it contains stem cell that produce blood cells and also the cell that comprise the immune system. The stem cells contained in the bone marrow have the right to mature right into several different kinds the cells, each of which has actually its own an essential functions within the body. There are two species of bone marrow – red bone marrow (myeloid tissue) and also yellow bone marrow (fatty tissue).

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Red bone marrow

Red bone marrow is primarily uncovered in the medullary cavity of flat bones such as the sternum and pelvic girdle. This kind of bone marrow consists of hematopoietic stem cells, which room the stem cell that kind blood cells. Hematopoietic stem cells can turn right into three types of blood cells, every one of which have crucial functions that help keep a person alive and healthy. The three species of blood cells created from the stem cell within red bone marrow are:

Red blood cells – Transports oxygen transparent the bodyWhite blood cells – help fight infections in ~ the bodyPlatelets – prevents excessive bleeding by helping blood to clot after one injury

Yellow bone marrow

The second type of bone marrow found in the body is yellow bone marrow, which gets its name from its high concentration of fat cells, which appear yellow in color. This type of bone marrow deserve to be uncovered in the medullary cavity in the column of long bones and is frequently surrounded by a layer of red bone marrow. Yellow bone marrow has mesenchymal stem cell (marrow stromal cells), which develop cartilage, fat and also bone. Yellow bone marrow likewise aids in the storage of fats in cells dubbed adipocytes. This helps maintain the right environment and provides the sustenance that bones must function.

What is the function of bone marrow?

As formerly discussed, the duty of bone marrow is to develop different varieties of cells the are crucial to maintain life. A number of circumstances can affect the health and wellness of bone marrow and also impair its ability to develop a typical amount of healthy and balanced cells. A bone marrow transplant, in which healthy bone marrow is administered come a patient via a main line, may be important in this instances. A bone marrow transplant can aid to:

Replace nonfunctioning bone marrow that has actually been damaged early to details health conditionsRestore the bone marrow’s duty after it has actually been damaged as result of treatments such as high-dose chemotherapy or radiation therapyPrevent further damages caused by details genetic diseasesRegenerate one immune mechanism in order come fight present or residual cancers such together leukemia

Why can you need a bone marrow transplant?

At medtox.org Cancer Center, the experts in our Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy Program perform bone marrow transplants as a treatment choice for certain species of cancer and also other problems in i m sorry the marrow is affected. Bone marrow may come to be damaged or breakdown due to:

Leukemia, lymphoma, lot of myeloma or other species of cancerAplastic anemiaChemotherapy or other medicationsInherited abnormalities of red blood cells, such as sickle cabinet anemia and also thalassemia)Inherited abnormalities the white blood cell that reason an immune deficiencyInherited abnormalities that platelets that cause bleeding problems

Patients v disorders that primarily influence the marrow, such as leukemia, aplastic anemia or inherited disorders, might require a blood or bone marrow transplant from a donor, also called an allogeneic transplant. Patients with lymphoma, multiple myeloma and also some various other cancers may require an autologous blood or bone marrow transplant, in which the patient serves together his or her very own donor. At medtox.org, our team can help explain which form of transplant is finest for you.

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If friend would choose to learn more about receiving a bone marrow transplant in ~ medtox.org, contact 1-888-663-3488 or fill out a new patient registration type online. No referral is required.